Coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) is an infection caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus. In COVID-19, “CO” stands for corona, “VI” for virus, and “D” for disease. This new virus was unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019
Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are:
Some patients may have:
Aches and pains
Some people become infected, but they don’t develop any symptoms. Around 1 out of every 6 people with COVID-19 infection develop difficulty in breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness.
When a person with COVID-19 coughs others can get infected through droplets that spreads through the air. These droplets also land on objects and surfaces nearby. Other people contract COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces and then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. This is why it is important to stay more than 2 meters away from a person who is sick.
COVID-19 spread from a person who has no symptoms:
The main way the disease spreads is through respiratory droplets expelled by someone who is coughing. The risk of catching COVID-19 from someone with no symptoms at all is very low. However, many people with COVID-19 experience only mild symptoms. This is particularly true at the early stages of the disease.
It is therefore possible to catch COVID-19 from someone who has, for example, just a mild cough.
Coronavirus- Help Stop the Spread
Social distancing involves avoiding mass gatherings, and maintaining distance whenever possible to limit the ability of the virus to spread.
Isolation or self-isolation is when you remain in your home and avoid contact with other people. Most people who need to self-isolate will probably be advised to do so for 14 days.
Only people who usually live with you should be in the same home. You should not see any visitors. When in isolation, monitor yourself for symptoms including fever, cough or shortness of breath.
If you become unwell, all other members of your household must self-isolate.
If you have fever, cough or difficulty in breathing, seek medical attention early
Stay home if you feel unwell. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
Practice Respiratory Hygiene
Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.
When to use a mask:
- Wear a mask if you are coughing or sneezing.
- Masks are effective only when used in combination with frequent hand-cleaning with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
How to put on, use, take off and dispose of a mask:
- Before putting on a mask, clean hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
- Cover mouth and nose with mask and make sure there are no gaps between your face and the mask.
- Avoid touching the mask while using it; if you do, clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
- Replace the mask with a new one as soon as it is damp and do not re-use single-use masks.
You can help protect yourself by:
- Washing your hands frequently with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
- Keeping space between yourselves and others.
- Avoiding touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
- Practicing respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.
If you have fever, cough or difficulty breathing, seek medical attention early.
How is covid-19 spread and how to protect yourself against it?
Humans are susceptible to many different infectious diseases, including coronavirus (COVID-19). Worrying about diseases is a normal reaction. But, excessive worrying about infectious diseases can affect both our physical and our mental health.
There are plenty of support systems available during this time and we encourage you to utilise these services to take care of your health. Some examples include; staying connected, exercising, staying positive, staying informed and seeking support.
If you have a question or would like to give feedback, you can get in touch with us by email, phone or by mail. The following organisations can provide support to you over the phone